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Cell Biology News
Wed, 29 Jun 2016 10:02:18 EDT
Can healthy eating reduce diabetes risk?
A diet rich in vegetables and fruit may reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes, according to new research. The study identified a combination of foods that reduce biomarkers of inflammation and oxidative stress, known risk factors for type 2 diabetes. This dietary pattern, high in vegetables and fruit, and low in chips, sugar, and white bread, is also associated with reduced prevalence of type 2 diabetes.
Wed, 29 Jun 2016 09:56:09 EDT
Cannabinoids remove plaque-forming Alzheimer's proteins from brain cells
Scientists have found preliminary evidence that tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and other compounds found in marijuana can promote the cellular removal of amyloid beta, a toxic protein associated with Alzheimer's disease.
Tue, 28 Jun 2016 14:15:24 EDT
See and sort: Developing novel techniques to visualize uncultured microbial cell activity
Researchers used a recently refined technique to identify both individual active cells, and single clusters of active bacteria and archaea within microbial communities. Scientists are interested in learning how the planet's microbial dark matter can be harnessed for energy and environmental challenges.
Tue, 28 Jun 2016 14:12:35 EDT
Biologists explain function of Pentagone
How do the cells in a human embryo know where they are located in the body and how they should develop? Why do certain cells form a finger while others do not? Biologists have explained the mechanisms that control these steps by showing why veins form at particular points in the wing of a fruit fly. The protein Pentagone spreads a particular signal in the wing that tells the cells how to behave.
Tue, 28 Jun 2016 11:46:10 EDT
Compounds in parsley and dill help fight cancer, research shows
A team of Russian scientists has proposed an efficient approach to novel agents with anticancer activity. A synthesis of these agents is based on compounds extracted from parsley and dill seeds.
Tue, 28 Jun 2016 11:43:47 EDT
Researchers find human development's first gear
Researchers are closer to solving a decade-old mystery after discovering that a set of genes they are studying play a key role in early human development.
Tue, 28 Jun 2016 10:57:55 EDT
Bacterial colonies in human body linked to presence of cancer in mouth and throat
In a sample study, researchers say they have found an association between the makeup of an individual's microbiome and head and neck cancer, a finding that potentially advances the quest for faster and more accurate cancer diagnosis and therapy.
Tue, 28 Jun 2016 07:20:37 EDT
Lost hormone is found in starfish
Biologists have discovered that the evolutionary history of a hormone responsible for sexual maturity in humans is written in the genes of the humble starfish.
Tue, 28 Jun 2016 07:20:34 EDT
Trees with altered lignin are better for biofuels, study shows
By engineering a novel enzyme involved in lignin synthesis, scientists have altered the lignin in plant cell walls in a way that increases access to biofuel building blocks without inhibiting plant growth. Lignin is a natural component of plant cell walls, the scaffolding that surrounds each cell and plays a pivotal role in plants' ability to grow against gravity and reach heights ranging from stubbly grasses to the sky-scraping splendor of redwoods.
Mon, 27 Jun 2016 16:09:29 EDT
Picky eaters: Bumble bees prefer plants with nutrient-rich pollen
Bumble bees have discriminating palates when it comes to their pollen meals, according to researchers. The researchers found that bumble bees can detect the nutritional quality of pollen, and that this ability helps them selectively forage among plant species to optimize their diets.
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