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Health & Medicine News
Thu, 02 Jul 2015 13:22:57 EDT
Can autism be measured in a sniff?
Imagine the way you might smell a rose. You'd take a nice big sniff to breathe in the sweet but subtle floral scent. Upon walking into a public restroom, you'd likely do just the opposite -- abruptly limiting the flow of air through your nose. Now, researchers have found that people with autism spectrum disorder don't make this natural adjustment like other people do.
Thu, 02 Jul 2015 13:15:12 EDT
Working out in artificial gravity
Engineers have built a compact human centrifuge with an exercise component: a cycle ergometer that a person can pedal as the centrifuge spins. The centrifuge was sized to just fit inside a module of the ISS. After testing the setup on healthy participants, the team found the combination of exercise and artificial gravity could significantly lessen the effects of extended weightlessness in space -- more so than exercise alone.
Thu, 02 Jul 2015 11:20:37 EDT
Review indicates where cardio benefits of exercise may lie
A systematic review of 160 clinical trials of the cardiometabolic benefits of exercise shows which health indicators improve most with physical activity and for whom. For example, some of the benefits are greater for men, people under 50 and among those battling type 2 diabetes or other cardiovascular conditions.
Thu, 02 Jul 2015 10:42:09 EDT
Digesting bread and pasta can release biologically active molecules
Biologically active molecules released by digesting bread and pasta can survive digestion and potentially pass through the gut lining, suggests new research. The study reveals the molecules released when real samples of bread and pasta are digested, providing new information for research into gluten sensitivity.
Thu, 02 Jul 2015 10:41:12 EDT
Cause of acute liver failure in young children discovered
Acute liver failure is a rare yet life-threatening disease for young children. It often occurs extremely rapidly, for example, when a child has a fever. Yet in around 50 percent of cases it is unclear as to why this happens. Now, researchers working on an international research project have discovered a link between the disease and mutations in a specific gene.
Wed, 01 Jul 2015 15:26:38 EDT
Brown fat transplant reversed type 1 diabetes without insulin in non-obese diabetic mice
Researchers have found embryonic brown fat transplants reversed type 1 diabetes and restored glucose tolerance to normal in non-obese diabetic mice.
Wed, 01 Jul 2015 15:23:29 EDT
Make no bones about it: Female athlete triad can lead to problems with bone health
Participation in sports by women and girls has increased from 310,000 individuals in 1971 to 3.37 million in 2010. At the same time, sports-related injuries among female athletes have skyrocketed. According to a new study, women with symptoms known as the 'female athlete triad' are at greater risk of bone stress injuries and fractures.
Wed, 01 Jul 2015 14:09:03 EDT
Implantable 'artificial pancreas' could help diabetes patients control their blood sugar
Living with Type 1 diabetes requires constant monitoring of blood sugar levels and injecting insulin daily. The development of an implantable "artificial pancreas" that continuously measures a person's blood sugar, or glucose, level and can automatically release insulin as needed.
Wed, 01 Jul 2015 14:09:01 EDT
Successful heart transplant after using experimental artificial heart
A 44-year-old woman has received a successful heart transplant, thanks to an experimental Total Artificial Heart designed for smaller patients. The patient is the first person in California to receive the smaller Total Artificial Heart, and the first patient in the world with the device to be bridged to a successful heart transplant.
Wed, 01 Jul 2015 14:08:59 EDT
Poison ivy affects some people more than others
Three-quarters of the population will get an itchy red rash if exposed to the urushiol oil inside poison ivy's leaves, stem and roots. One-quarter of people will not have any reaction to exposure.
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