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Akt Signaling

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Description

Akt (v-Akt Murine Thymoma Viral Oncogene)/ PKB (Protein Kinase-B) is a Serine/threonine Kinase that is involved in mediating various biological responses, such as inhibition of Apoptosis and stimulation of cell proliferation. Three mammalian isoforms are currently known: Akt1/PKB- Alpha, Akt2/PKB-Beta and Akt3/PKB-Gamma. All three isoforms of Akt share a common structure of three domains. The N-terminus of the protein is a PH (Pleckstrin Homology) domain, which interacts with membrane lipid products such as PIP2 (Phosphatidylinositol-3,4-Bisphosphate) and PIP3 (Phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-Triphosphate). The PH domain is approximately 100 amino acids and plays a role in recognition by upstream kinases and membrane translocation of Akt. The center region of the protein is the Kinase domain, which has high similarity to other kinases. This domain contains [...]

References:

1.The E3 ligase TRAF6 regulates Akt ubiquitination and activation.
Yang WL, Wang J, Chan CH, Lee SW, Campos AD, Lamothe B, Hur L, Grabiner BC, Lin X, Darnay BG, Lin HK.
Science. 2009 Aug 28;325(5944):1134-8.
2.Targeted therapy for advanced prostate cancer: inhibition of the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway.
Morgan TM, Koreckij TD, Corey E.
Curr Cancer Drug Targets. 2009 Mar;9(2):237-49.
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