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Signaling Pathways      Metabolic Pathways     All Pathways
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D-Alanine Metabolism
The bacterial cell wall is a unique biopolymer, containing both D- and L-Amino acids. Its basic structure is a carbohydrate backbone of alternating units of N-Acetyl Glucosamine and N-Acetyl Muramic Acid. The N-Acetyl Muramic Acid residues are cross-linked with oligopeptides. The terminal peptide is D-Alanine although other amino acids are [...]
 
D-Alanine Metabolism in A. tumefaciens C58 UWash
Agrobacterium tumefaciens is a Gram-negative, non-sporing, motile, rod-shaped bacterium, closely related to Rhizobium which forms nitrogen-fixing nodules on clover and other leguminous plants. A. tumefaciens causes crown gall disease of a wide range of dicotyledonous plants, especially members of the rose family such as apple, pear, peach, cherry, almond, raspberry [...]
 
D-Alanine Metabolism in Azoarcus sp. EbN1
Azoarcus sp. is associated with microbial degradation of aromatic and other refractory compounds, including hydrocarbons in anoxic waters and soils. Strain EbN1 is an aromatic-degrading bacteria found in freshwater and soil habitats. A unique property of strain EbN1 is its capacity to degrade toluene and ethylbenzene via two different, strictly [...]
 
D-Alanine Metabolism in B. anthracis A2012
Bacilli are an extremely diverse group of bacteria that include both the causative agent of anthrax (Bacillus anthracis) as well as several species that synthesize important antibiotics. Bacilli are rod-shaped, Gram-positive, sporulating, aerobes or facultative anaerobes. Bacilli exhibit an array of physiologic abilities that allow them to live in a [...]
 
D-Alanine Metabolism in B. anthracis Ames
Bacilli are an extremely diverse group of bacteria that include both the causative agent of anthrax (Bacillus anthracis) as well as several species that synthesize important antibiotics. Bacilli are rod-shaped, Gram-positive, sporulating, aerobes or facultative anaerobes. Bacilli exhibit an array of physiologic abilities that allow them to live in a [...]
 
D-Alanine Metabolism in B. anthracis Ames 0581
Bacilli are an extremely diverse group of bacteria that include both the causative agent of anthrax (Bacillus anthracis) as well as several species that synthesize important antibiotics. Bacilli are rod-shaped, Gram-positive, sporulating, aerobes or facultative anaerobes. Bacilli exhibit an array of physiologic abilities that allow them to live in a [...]
 
D-Alanine Metabolism in B. anthracis Sterne
Bacilli are rod-shaped, Gram-positive, sporulating, aerobes or facultative anaerobes. Bacilli exhibit an array of physiologic abilities that allow them to live in a wide range of habitats, including many extreme habitats such as desert sands, hot springs, and Arctic soils. Species in the genus Bacillus can be thermophilic, psychrophilic, acidophilic, [...]
 
D-Alanine Metabolism in B. bronchiseptica
Bordetella pertussis, Bordetella parapertussis and Bordetella bronchiseptica are closely related Gram-negative Beta-proteobacteria that colonizes the respiratory tracts of mammals. B. bronchiseptica causes chronic respiratory infections in a wide range of animals. D-Alanine is a necessary precursor in the biosynthesis of cell wall in this bacterium.The naturally occurring L-Alanine isomer is [...]
 
D-Alanine Metabolism in B. cereus ATCC 14579
Bacillus cereus is a Gram-positive, facultative anaerobic rod-shaped endospore-forming bacterium. B. cereus occurs ubiquitously in soil and in many raw and processed foods such as rice, milk and dairy products, spices, and vegetables. Many strains of B. cereus are able to produce toxins and cause distinct types of food poisoning. [...]
 
D-Alanine Metabolism in B. cereus ATCC 10987
Bacillus cereus is a gram-positive, facultative anaerobic rod-shaped endospore-forming bacterium. B. cereus occurs ubiquitously in soil and in many raw and processed foods such as rice, milk and dairy products, spices, and vegetables. Many strains of B. cereus are able to produce toxins and cause distinct types of food poisoning. [...]
 
D-Alanine Metabolism in B. cereus ZK
Bacillus cereus is a Gram-positive, facultative anaerobic rod-shaped endospore-forming bacterium. B. cereus occurs ubiquitously in soil and in many raw and processed foods such as rice, milk and dairy products, spices, and vegetables. Many strains of B. cereus are able to produce toxins and cause distinct types of food poisoning. [...]
 
D-Alanine Metabolism in B. clausii
The spore-bearing alkaliphilic Bacillus species constitute a large, heterogeneous group of microorganisms which are now being investigated in order to better understand the physiology, biochemistry, and especially molecular genetics underlying the behavior of alkaliphilic bacteria. As alkaliphilic Bacillus strains produce enzymes, such as xylanases, cellulases, amylases, and proteases, they are [...]
 
D-Alanine Metabolism in B. halodurans
Bacillus species and other microbes with pH optima for growth higher than pH 9 are defined as alkaliphiles. A large number of alkaliphilic Bacillus strains producing useful enzymes, have been isolated from various environments. Bacillus halodurans is an alkaliphilic Bacillus species that grows optimally above pH 9.5. It is the [...]
 
D-Alanine Metabolism in B. japonicum
Rhizobium, Bradyrhizobium, Mesorhizobium, Sinorhizobium and Azorhizobium-known as Rhizobia-are Gram-negative, nitrogen-fixing bacteria of agronomic importance because they perform nitrogen-fixing symbiosis with leguminous plants. They are responsible for the world’s largest portion of fixed atmospheric nitrogen. Bradyrhizobium japonicum has been used since 1957 in molecular genetics, physiology, and ecology due to its [...]
 
D-Alanine Metabolism in B. licheniformis ATCC 14580
Bacillus licheniformis is a Gram-positive, spore-forming soil bacterium that is used in the biotechnology industry to manufacture enzymes, antibiotics, biochemicals and consumer products. This species is closely related to B. subtilis, and produces an assortment of extracellular enzymes that may contribute to nutrient cycling in nature. Unlike most other Bacilli, [...]
 
D-Alanine Metabolism in B. licheniformis DSM13
Bacillus licheniformis is a Gram-positive, spore-forming soil bacterium that is used in the biotechnology industry to manufacture enzymes, antibiotics, biochemicals and consumer products. B. licheniformis, B. subtilis, and B. pumilus comprise the subtilis group, which has been associated with a range of clinical conditions, food spoilage such as ropy bread, [...]
 
D-Alanine Metabolism in B. melitensis
Brucella is a Gram-negative aerobic pathogen that is distringuished from most other pathogens because it does not have "obvious virulence factors" like capsules, fimbriae, flagella, exotoxins, exproteases, or other exoenzymes, cytolysins, resistance forms, antigenic variation, plamids, or lysogenic phages (Ref.1). Brucella sp. causes a "zoonotic disease endemic in many areas [...]
 
D-Alanine Metabolism in B. parapertussis
Bordetella pertussis, Bordetella parapertussis and Bordetella bronchiseptica are closely related Gram-negative Beta-proteobacteria that colonizes the respiratory tracts of mammals. B. parapertussis causes whooping cough in a wide range of animals. D-Alanine is a necessary precursor in the biosynthesis of cell wall in this bacterium.The naturally occurring L-Alanine isomer is racemized [...]
 
D-Alanine Metabolism in B. pertussis
Bordetella pertussis, Bordetella parapertussis and Bordetella bronchiseptica are closely related Gram-negative Beta-proteobacteria that colonizes the respiratory tracts of mammals. B. pertussis is a strict human pathogen of recent evolutionary origin and is the primary etiologic agent of whooping cough. D-Alanine is a necessary precursor in the biosynthesis of cell wall [...]
 
D-Alanine Metabolism in B. subtilis
Bacilli are an extremely diverse group of bacteria that include both the causative agent of anthrax (Bacillus anthracis) as well as several species that synthesize important antibiotics. Bacilli are rod-shaped, Gram-positive, sporulating, aerobes or facultative anaerobes. Bacilli exhibit an array of physiologic abilities that allow them to live in a [...]
 
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