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D-Alanine Metabolism in A. tumefaciens C58 UWash

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Agrobacterium tumefaciens is a Gram-negative, non-sporing, motile, rod-shaped bacterium, closely related to Rhizobium which forms nitrogen-fixing nodules on clover and other leguminous plants. A. tumefaciens causes crown gall disease of a wide range of dicotyledonous plants, especially members of the rose family such as apple, pear, peach, cherry, almond, raspberry and roses. Basically, the bacterium transfers part of its DNA to the plant, and this DNA integrates into the plant’s genome, causing the production of tumors and associated changes in plant metabolism. The unique mode of action of A. tumefaciens has enabled this bacterium to be used as a tool in plant breeding. In natural conditions, the motile cells of A. tumefaciens are attracted to wound sites by chemotaxis. A [...]


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