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D-Alanine Metabolism in B. cereus ATCC 10987

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Bacillus cereus is a gram-positive, facultative anaerobic rod-shaped endospore-forming bacterium. B. cereus occurs ubiquitously in soil and in many raw and processed foods such as rice, milk and dairy products, spices, and vegetables. Many strains of B. cereus are able to produce toxins and cause distinct types of food poisoning. B. cereus is an opportunistic pathogen causing food poisoning manifested by diarrhoeal or emetic syndromes (Ref.2). It is closely related to the animal and human pathogen Bacillus anthracis and the insect pathogen Bacillus thuringiensis, the former being used as a biological weapon and the latter as a pesticide. B. cereus ATCC 10987, a non-lethal dairy isolate in the same genetic subgroup as B. anthracis (Ref.1 & 3).

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1.The genome sequence of Bacillus cereus ATCC 10987 reveals metabolic adaptations and a large plasmid related to Bacillus anthracis pXO1.
Rasko DA, Ravel J, Okstad OA, Helgason E, Cer RZ, Jiang L, Shores KA, Fouts DE, Tourasse NJ, Angiuoli SV, Kolonay J, Nelson WC, Kolsto AB, Fraser CM, Read TD.
Nucleic Acids Res. 2004 Feb 11; 32(3):977-88. Print 2004.
2.Bacillus anthracis, Bacillus cereus, and Bacillus thuringiensis--one species on the basis of genetic evidence.
Helgason E, Okstad OA, Caugant DA, Johansen HA, Fouet A, Mock M, Hegna I, Kolsto.
Appl Environ Microbiol. 2000 Jun; 66(6):2627-30.
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