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MODY (Maturity-Onset Diabetes of Young)

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Description

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease characterized by high blood glucose levels that requires long-term medical attention both to limit the development of its devastating complications and to manage them when they do occur. The pancreatic Beta-cell and its secretory product insulin are central in the pathophysiology of diabetes. There are two main types of diabetes, Type-I, which is insulin dependent, and Type-II, which is non-insulin dependent. Type-II diabetes is a complex and heterogeneous disease caused by both environmental and genetic factors. It maybe of various forms each of which is characterized by variable degrees of insulin resistance and Beta-cell dysfunction, and which together lead to hyperglycemia. At each end of this spectrum are single gene disorders that affect the [...]

References:

1.Q&A: insulin secretion and type 2 diabetes: why do β-cells fail?
Cantley J, Ashcroft FM.
BMC Biol. 2015 May 16;13:33. doi: 10.1186/s12915-015-0140-6. No abstract available.
2.Many faces of monogenic diabetes.
Schwitzgebel VM.
J Diabetes Investig. 2014 Mar 23;5(2):121-33. doi: 10.1111/jdi.12197. Epub 2014 Feb 24. Review.
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