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Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

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Pancreatic carcinoma is one of the most enigmatic and aggressive malignant diseases. Neoplasms of the pancreas encompass a wide spectrum of benign and malignant tumors. Pancreatic adenocarcinoma, the malignant neoplasm of the exocrine duct cells, accounts for more than ninety percent of all pancreatic tumors (Ref.1). Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma evolves from a progressive cascade of cellular, morphological and architectural changes from normal ductal epithelium through pre-neoplastic lesions termed PanIN (Pancreatic Intraepithelial Neoplasia). These PanIN lesions are in turn associated with somatic alterations in canonical oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes. Pancreatic cancer like many other tumors over-expresses the RTKs (Receptor Tyrosine Kinases), EGFR (Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor) and/or its family members (like Her2) and TGF-BetaRs (Transforming Growth Factor-Beta Receptors). The expression [...]


1.Addressing the challenges of pancreatic cancer: future directions for improving outcomes. Pancreatology
Hidalgo M, Cascinu S, Kleeff J, Labianca R, Löhr JM, Neoptolemos J, Real FX, Van Laethem JL, Heinemann V.
Epub 2015 Jan-Feb;15(1):8-18. doi: 10.1016/j.pan.2014.10.001. 2014 Oct 17. Review.
2.Pancreatic Cancer: Molecular Characterization, Clonal Evolution and Cancer Stem Cells.
E, Castelli G, Testa U.Biomedicines
Pelosi 2017 Nov 18;5(4). pii: E65. doi: 10.3390/biomedicines5040065. Review.
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