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ZIKA Virus Infection And Host Response

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Zika virus (ZIKV) is an emerging arbovirus of the Flaviviridae family, which can cause microcephaly, a birth defect where a baby s head is smaller than usual. Additionally, it is associated with Guillain-Barré syndrome, a neurological disorder that could lead to paralysis and even death. Zika virus illness has been described as self-limited and moderate in severity with the common findings of malaise, headache, fever, joint aches, a maculopapular rash, and inflammation of the conjunctiva. However, an alarming number of birth defects, including microcephaly, have been attributed to Zika virus infection occurring in the first two trimesters of pregnancy (Ref.1 and 2).

Zika virus is an enveloped, icosahedral positive single-stranded RNA virus and has a genome of 10 kb, which encodes [...]


1.The IFITMs Inhibit Zika Virus Replication.
Savidis G, Perreira JM, Portmann JM, Meraner P, Guo Z, Green S, Brass AL.
Cell Rep. 2016 Jun 14;15(11):2323-30. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2016.05.074. Epub 2016 Jun 3.
2.Overview of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection in regards to the Brazilian epidemic.
Slavov SN, Otaguiri KK, Kashima S, Covas DT.
Braz J Med Biol Res. 2016;49(5):e5420. doi: 10.1590/1414-431X20165420. Epub 2016 Apr 29. Review.
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